Why do children need measles vaccines, especially now – 01/06/2022

The measles case has risen since the covid-19 pandemic disrupted vaccination campaigns for children around the world, according to the WHO (World Health Organization). In Brazil, the vaccination campaign had low adherence and reached only 29.97% of children aged 6 months to 4 years, according to data from the Ministry of Health’s Localiza SUS.

Unicef ​​Executive Director, Catherine Russell described the fall in immunization as a “perfect storm” along with a return to social activities. In fact, measles is a highly contagious virus that can cause serious health problems, especially in children under one year of age, and can lead to death.

We already know how to prevent measles outbreaks and deaths: with a vaccine. So the return of cases is worrying because we do not protect children, warns WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. “We need to work collectively to help countries and stop this deadly virus,” he said.

So stay tuned. Measles spreads faster than Ebola, the flu, or Covid-19 and is transmitted through speech, coughing, sneezing, and even breathing.

The symptoms are:

  • permanent cough
  • Eye irritation
  • coryza
  • Red spots on the body
  • Sukar
  • Torn throat

The condition can lead to pneumonia, brain injury, deafness, premature birth and even death. Mortality ranges from 5% to 10% depending on local health conditions, Fiocruz says.

The good news is that the disease can be prevented with the free vaccines offered by SUS (Integrated Health System) (triple virus, viral tetra and double virus). Vaccination is the only effective preventive measure against measles.

the most common occurrences

There have been more than 20 outbreaks of disease worldwide in the last year.

According to data from the Ministry of Health DataSUS, the vaccine in Brazil has fallen well below the ideal, by 90%. Last year, only 60.7% of the target audience received a triple virus, which also protects against measles, mumps and rubella.

In 2022, the state of São Paulo registered two measles cases, one in the capital São Paulo and another in São Vicente, on the south coast. Another 25 suspected cases are being investigated.

Brazil received a certificate on the eradication of the measles virus in 2016, but lost recognition in 2019. Between 2018 and 2021, there were nearly 40,000 measles cases in the country, with 40 deaths.

understand the vaccine

It is much better and easier than treating a disease, and that is what vaccines do.

This year, the measles vaccination campaign is being carried out in conjunction with the flu vaccine for children aged six months to five years, and will end on Friday (3).

To be fully immunized, a child must take two doses, one between the ages of one and the other between the ages of four and six.

The Ministry of Health also began recommending an additional dose, called a zero dose, for children aged six months to 11 months and 29 days. This is a temporary dose that should not be taken into account for regular vaccination schedules.

The vaccine is a child’s right. Check your family’s immunization record and, if incomplete, look for a health center.

Adults can also be vaccinated if they are not up to date. Although it is known as a childhood disease, measles also affects adults and the complications are greater during this period.

The vaccine can be given with any other vaccine except covid-19. In this case, you have to wait 15 days.

Is it necessary?

Brazilian parents can receive penalties if their children’s vaccines are not up to date.

The ECA (Statute for Children and Adolescents) stipulates that a child should be vaccinated when recommended by the health authorities, and non-compliance with the rule leads to a minimum wage of between three and 20.

In addition, non-compliance with the vaccination schedule may be considered irresponsible and may leave the child in a precarious situation, which may lead to those responsible for participating in mandatory programs and loss of care.

If a child dies from a vaccinated disease, the parents may also be charged with manslaughter. However, according to immunization experts, more severe penalties such as fines and loss of custody do not often occur – the most common of which are warnings from the board of trustees.

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