What is the relationship between intestinal and mental health, behavior, and weight? – 2022/06/05

If the topic of nutrition, health care professionals, and the general population, health and quality of life is one of the topics on the “top list,” it’s the gut microbiota.

As in other articles I wrote here in my column Live well, I remind you that the microbiota does not only exist in the intestines, but also in the skin, tongue and other areas of our body. The microbiota is a term used to describe a particular colonization of microorganisms that live in this area and play a key role.

In the case of the intestinal microbiota, we already know that its maintenance and balance affect our whole health, be it in the allergic and immune response, in the mood, in the absorption of nutrients, in the defense of our body, in our metabolism. essential nutrients for our body, as well as weight (gaining, losing and regaining lost weight in obese or overweight patients). The relationship between the intestinal microbiota and the rest of the organism is already data confirmed by the scientific classes, and we have new discoveries every day.

In May, it was a major event that brought together researchers, teachers, health professionals, the topic of my approach today, the focus of the intestinal brain, involving: Gutbrain, an international conference specializing in the relationship between brain and intestines, Centro de Exposições Frei Mug, hybrid event in a.

Some of the most important issues were part of the event, such as behavioral problems in our society, while facing a quest to control obesity, while having difficulty losing weight, as some unhealthy practices are part of the routine. among those who go on this journey are the over-the-counter or uncontrolled use of anorexic medications, an unbalanced diet, excessive restraint, unregulated diets, and other conditions that further affect the patient’s clinical condition. helping to lose weight, specifically.

Then I spoke to one of the organizers of the event, Lais Murta, a nutritionist, and Daniela Seixas, also a nutritionist, who talked about chrononutrition and the master recipe in clinical practice.

To put this in context, dysbiosis and irritable bowel syndrome are the two biggest struggles in clinical nutrition. A large number of patients with various complaints and clinical symptoms cause intestinal microbiota dysregulation and have detrimental effects on their overall health, which also accumulate for years, with other pathologies being suspected. Dysbiosis is a condition that will affect patients for years.

According to Lais (CRN329040), the main mistakes made in the master supplement of people with dysbiosis or looking for professionals to improve intestinal health are:

1. Excessive protein intake, including supplemental protein: Excess protein can cause dysbiosis, exacerbating species of proteolytic bacteria associated with chronic low-grade inflammation;

2. Low carbohydrate intake: Complex carbohydrates (found in whole grains, vegetables) are essential for the production of short-chain fatty acids, which are essential for intestinal health, immunity and mental health;

3. Probiotic supplement without guidance: Many probiotic supplements are ineffective and may be associated with intestinal dysbiosis, especially SIBO (Small Intestinal Bacterial Supergrowth).

In addition, the most commonly used strains in these supplements are major producers of D-lactate, a substance associated with neurological problems, chronic pain, and depression.

Another point to discuss is the use of weight loss medications, even in the popular and clandestine clinics that are in vogue. Doctors only need to order medicines, as the supplement to other assets can be easily found on the Internet, which makes it easier for those looking to buy. Both affect our intestinal health, and not just our entire body. With the indicated and controlled use, in a professional way, the benefits are on a long list.

“When we think about supplementation, we generally have to be careful. Ideally, we should always look for individualization. It can lead to damage to health without any unnecessary or misused supplementation. increased production), with overload of the detoxification system (which includes the intestinal system), not necessarily with dysbiosis. But it is important to remember that supplements are important in many cases and must be used in accordance with the needs of the individual, ”says nutritionist Lais Murta.

In the everyday we also see on social media, the search for accelerators of aesthetic results is a reality (anabolic hormones, anorexic hormones, appetite reduction, etc.), both for regular physical activity practitioners inspired by fitness models and fitness models. athletes, sedentary people and people who fit the profile have “tried everything”, both through medical indication and through the internet, in irregular indication and purchase.

It is due to the social profile we are experiencing, people who are stressed, accelerated, suffering from chronic stress, mood swings, sleep and hunger, all of which eventually have health consequences, and so we observe the usual behaviors: low performance, insomnia, fatigue, high hunger, increasingly industrialized and easy-to-eat foods, high consumption of sleep and anxiety medications, and high chronic pain medications.

According to Lais and Daniel, “the Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a common clinical disorder and the development of its symptoms is closely linked to stress, anxiety and depression. Chronic stress causes a change in the functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the sympathetic nervous system, which helps to change the composition of the intestinal microbiota, reduces the production of digestive enzymes and bile acids, and intestinal permeability. we may experience poor absorption of nutrients, deficiencies, emotional changes, and changes in the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.

And we already know that, but never too much to remember: a balanced lifestyle is paramount, and we’re not just talking about natural nutrition and physical activity, but prioritizing quality sleep, rest, leisure, and stress management activities.

Given this accelerated and underlined reality of our society, and consequently the effort to improve habits and health to improve body composition, individuals may resort to unhealthy pathways such as very restrictive food diets, food substitutions. improper use of products, medicines, herbal medicines and supplements.

I asked Laisi if she thinks that the sum of these habits can affect the mental health of individuals, or that it affects their mental health habits.

“Sure! We live in a time of productivity, so we have to be multi-tasking, we want to do a lot of things at once. A lot of information bombards us at once and social media is designed to create enthusiasm. , which will make us work harder and harder, eat less and less, look for miracle drugs, ”he said.

He continued, “High performance does not mean efficiency, and for the most part, we put more effort into our body than we were prepared to manage physiologically. We have seen a higher incidence of burnout syndrome, anxiety disorder, IBS and depression. We need to slow down and understand that our body is not a machine, it needs rest and care to manage its routine effectively. That’s why we need to look for serious professionals to help us in this process. “

Lais Murta: clinical nutritionist, master’s degree student in health sciences at Sírio Libanês IEP, postgraduate in exercise physiology at EPM / Unifesp (Paulista School of Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo) and VP Consultoria in functional clinical nutrition; member ISNPR (International Association for Nutritional Psychiatric Research).

Daniela Seixas: nutritionist at UFPR (Federal University of Paraná), master and doctor of biochemistry at UFPR, EEFE-USP (University of São Paulo School of Physical Education and Sports), postdoctoral fellow at FCF-USP. (Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of São Paulo), Scripps Research Institute – SD – Postdoctoral Fellow in California (USA), author of the book “Bioactive Food Compounds”.

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