understand the symptoms and treatment of the disease

In May 2022, the world faced the largest outbreak of ape-eating outbreaks in Africa in history. The virus has been present on the African continent for more than 50 years, but was not identified until 2003 in other regions. In just two weeks, the current crisis has surpassed 10 times the worst episode ever recorded.

O Power 360 he prepared a report to explain the disease. Read this text to understand the monkey’s symptoms, treatments, prevention, history, and instructions.

Monkeypox is a viral disease that is transmitted from animals to humans. The first human case was recorded in the 1970s in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. But the virus was discovered in 1958 in an outbreak of infected monkeys – the disease was named after that section. The origin of the pathogen, however, is attributed to rodents.

This virus has been circulating for decades [na África] and he paid little attention to it, unfortunately. Hundreds, thousands of cases occur there.“said WHO epidemiologist Maria Van Kerkhove institutional video May 26th.

According to the organization’s report, the continent recorded at least 1,315 cases and 60 deaths from the disease between December 15, 2021 and May 1 this year.

The virus only circulates in Africa because of its animals. It is bordered by West and Central Africa. But eventually the cases are exported to other continents. Section 1 was released in 2003 in the United States.

That year, 47 people were infected in the country. The cases began after contact with prairie dogs, with a wild rodent introduced as a pet in some homes. Before these rodents were sold, they remained close to other mammals imported from Ghana that were infected. Purchased animals transmitted the disease to owners and other humans. This was the first report of the monkey outside Africa and the largest occurrence to date on other continents.

There were other episodes in 2018 in the UK and in 2021 in the US. But events like this are rare. And each episode was more controlled than the current one.

It is the largest known event outside of Africa. And it’s going to be very explosive. A very high number of cases in a very short period of time“According to Flávio Guimarães da Fonseca, president of the UFMG (Federal University of Minas Gerais) Virology Association and PhD in microbiology.

The 1st case of this year’s appearance in the UK was confirmed on 12 May. In two weeks, the world has already passed 400 contaminants. The WHO said it expected the number of outbreaks to increase in countries with unusual viruses on May 21, in view of the current outbreak.

As of May 27, no deaths have been reported. Historically, mortality from the disease has ranged from 0% to 11%, according to the WHO. In the last period, it has remained at 3% to 6%.

Monkeypox is a self-inflicted disease. Most infected people recover within a few weeks without treatment.”Said WHO Regional Director Hans Kluge in a statement on May 20. The disease, however, is more severe in children, pregnant women, and people with impaired immune systems.

O Power 360 He highlighted some of the key points of the monkeypox:

The difference between the “traditional” Baztanga

They are two different viruses. Monkeypox is of animal origin (probably the rodent), unlike the human version, which was eradicated from the world in 1980 after a worldwide vaccine.

The symptoms of the two diseases are similar. But monkeypox only inflates the lymph nodes (in the armpits, throat, or groin). Severity, mortality, and transmission levels are also lower.

Symptoms

They appear 5 to 21 days after infection and last 2 to 4 weeks. Initial signs include fever, headache, muscle and back pain, swollen lymph nodes, and chills.

1 to 3 days after the onset of fever, skin rashes appear (spots, lesions, or fluid blisters). These lesions usually begin in the face and spread to other parts of the body. On the one hand there can be hundreds of eruptions. It’s important not removing tissue from injuries on the surface. This can make the patient’s condition worse.

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Injury to the mother of a person infected with Monkeypox. Pain appears after the patient has a fever

Streaming

May be in contact with animals, humans or contaminated surfaces. The virus enters the body through broken skin, eyes, nose, or mouth. It is transported by respiratory secretion, blood or fluid and particles from the lesions. The transmission, however, is lower than that of the covid-19. A long or close relationship is required.

The virus can also be transmitted from the placenta from the mother to the fetus. Transmission can still occur in close contact with lesions or respiratory secretions during sexual intercourse.

People with symptoms who have traveled to Africa or any of the affected countries in the last month should seek medical attention immediately. The same goes for those who have had contact with alleged cases.

Treatment

The human smallpox vaccine is also effective against the disease and can be used to control outbreaks. “Vaccines used in the smallpox eradication program also provided protection against the monkey.“, The WHO reported.

The immunizer is already in use in the UK and US. However, the world’s stock is small. Mass vaccination is unlikely. Use should be directed only at communities with cases of the disease. In Brazil, he stopped using the immunizing agent in the 1970s.

Tecovirimat was approved by the European Agency for Anti-Virus Medicines in 2022 as an anti-monkey drug based on animal and human research data. But it is not yet available.

There is also a treatment to relieve symptoms. Those infected need to be hydrated and fed.

Prevention

It is important that infected people and animals are not isolated from other people or animals. The WHO recommends that the patient stay in quarantine until a new layer of skin appears under the skin lesions. Injuries will form crusts that will fall off and only then will a new layer of skin form.

When in contact with confirmed or suspected cases, it is necessary to wear masks and wash your hands. These measures are also recommended for airplanes and airports, as they are in contact with passengers from countries where there are cases of illness.

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Anvisa recommends the use of masks to prevent hand hygiene and air and airplanes to prevent the virus from reaching Brazil.

BRAZILIAN DISEASE

Case 1 in Latin America was confirmed in Argentina on 27 May. There is also suspicion in Bolivia. The Brazilian Ministry of Health said no cases had been reported in the country by May 27. However, a Brazilian was infected with the disease in Europe.

Anvisa (the National Agency for Health Care) has guided measures (such as the use of masks, hand hygiene and distance) to prevent the virus from reaching Brazil on planes and airports.

heard by experts Power 360 it is likely that the virus will reach the country. “In this globalized world, it will be difficult not to enter Brazil”Said Giliane Trindad, PhD in Microbiology at UFMG and professor at the organization.

Fonseca, of the Brazilian Virology Association, says “get sick on a plane and get off”.

PANDEMIC OPPORTUNITIES

Heard by both experts Power 360 The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that the outbreak is unlikely to become a pandemic. “It is transmitted with less efficiency, a closer and more intimate relationship is needed,” says Fonseca.

“It’s not the same as Covid-19. We don’t see such an expansionSaid Maria Van Kerkhov of the WHO. According to him, the organization believes that it will be possible to stop the spread of the disease. Other representatives of the organization have made similar statements.

THE ORIGIN OF APPEARANCE

The main theory is that the phenomenon spread throughout Europe after the raves in Spain and Belgium. “Someone came out of Africa infected. It spread to Europe and spread through contact with Europe. ”said Fonseca.

The disease was mainly transmitted through sex between party participants. Most cases of the current occurrence of Monkeypox are men who have had sex with men. However, anyone can be infected with the disease, regardless of their gender or sexual orientation.

“Stigmatizing a group because of an illness is never acceptable.” says the WHO. According to the organization, this could be an obstacle to ending the outbreak, preventing people from seeking attention and even causing undetected spread.

BRAZILIAN ACTIONS

It was created by the Ministry of Health on Monday (May 23) a “status room” to track the monkeypox scenario. The agency says it is developing an action plan to track suspects in the country.

Last week, the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation set up a temporary technical chamber for disease research: the CâmaraPox MCTI. The goal of Baztanga specialists is to monitor the scientific research of the new outbreak and advise on strategies to combat the virus.

We are aware of what is happening outside of Brazil and articulating actions when this virus enters Brazil“Trinidad said.

Experts gather information to inform government decisions. They are working to develop a diagnosis in the country and to standardize the definition of cases and suspicions. There are talks with the Ministry of Health, Anvisa, the Pan American Health Organization, and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Skin wounds are one of the major signs of a monkey

WHO AND THE PEOPLE ANSWER

The WHO says there is an urgent need to raise awareness about the monkey herd and to carry out a comprehensive search for cases so that it can be isolated. It is also necessary to monitor and isolate people who have had a close relationship with those who are infected or suspected to limit the transmission of the virus.

Immediate actions are focused on providing accurate dissemination information to those most at risk for monkey infection. reported the organization. The WHO has prepared a guide to the disease aimed at men who have sex with men. Read it here (in English – 445 KB).

The material was developed because most cases were reported in this group. However, the virus can infect anyone.

The WHO has also prepared guidelines for countries to combat the disease. He also developed definitions of how to classify cases of illness and suspected cases in order to facilitate and harmonize surveillance information.

The UK has bought more than 20,000 doses of the Imvanex smallpox vaccine (supplied by the Bavarian Nordic). The immunizer is offered to close contacts of infected people.

The risk to people remains low, but we urge people to be alert to new eruptions or lesions that appear as spots, ulcers, or blisters anywhere on the body.“The government said in a statement.

The European Center for Disease Prevention and Control is also monitoring cases and has set up a database for nations to report their cases. He has also held meetings with affected countries.

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