Top 7 photos and how to treat them

Mycoses are fungal infections. Because there are such a lot of sorts, the ailments attributable to these microorganisms are additionally numerous.

Speaking of people who have an effect on the pores and skin, hair and nails, the most typical fungi are people who trigger pores and skin mycoses, whereas the deep ones can attain the inner organs and trigger critical well being issues.

Fungi are additionally transmitted from particular person to particular person, from animal to particular person, and from nature to particular person, starting from crops, soils, and thorns.

The commonest types of contamination happen from particular person to particular person due to their proximity to and relationship with the affected space. Pools, sand, bathing areas, contaminated animals and land are potential locations to get a mushroom.

However, there are those that have a genetic predisposition to fungal ailments and might have nearer medical therapy.

The primary kinds of pores and skin worms

nail fungus

Image: iStock / Getty

Also often called onychomycosis, it’s an an infection attributable to dermatophyte fungi: Epidermophyton, Trichophyton and Microsporum. They can change shade (makes it yellow or white), form, texture (makes it thicker) and peel or break the nail.

The recommendation of the consulted specialists is to keep away from the sort of mycosis, to take excellent care of the nails, not to share nail polish and the fabric to minimize them, to keep away from gel nails, not to maintain your hand moist for a very long time. time and to cut back the usage of detergents and nail polish removers. Diabetes and genetic ailments that cut back immunity and acquired ailments additionally favor onychomycosis.

Treatment: It is made with anti-fungal medicines in lotions, nail polishes or tablets. It normally takes six months to treat the nails, and up to a yr is likely one of the most troublesome therapies for mycosis, because the fungus feeds on the keratin within the nails.

- iStock / Getty - iStock / Getty

pityriasis versicolor

Image: iStock / Getty

Pityriasis versicolor, a “white material” is a fungal an infection attributable to a fungus malassezia furfur. Under the affect of the solar it produces a substance that forestalls the creation of melanin on the pores and skin, inflicting white (hypochromic) spots on the pores and skin. Scaled brown, purple, and darkish spots may additionally seem.

Treatment: could also be topical, utilizing imidazole cream derivatives or as oral tablets.

- iStock / Getty - iStock / Getty

Athlete’s foot

Image: iStock / Getty

This is a fungal an infection that may primarily have an effect on the areas between the toes. In these locations, scaly, erythematous lesions and itching seem.

It is vital to put on artificial socks to cease sweating and change them a minimum of as soon as a day. In addition, it is suggested to attempt to sanitize and rotate the footwear in order that they don’t put on out on consecutive days.

When you’re bathing, particularly in case you are outdoors, don’t neglect your particular person slippers so that you just don’t step on the bottom immediately, in a moist place, the place many individuals step on it, as a result of it could possibly catch fungi. Once the ft have dried properly and, in excessive circumstances, use a hair dryer to do that.

Treatment: primarily based on the usage of native anti-fungal lotions or gels and measures to maintain the ft dry and cut back extreme sweating.

- iStock / Getty - iStock / Getty


Image: iStock / Getty

It is an an infection of the pores and skin fungi within the genitals and thighs, which might seem when there may be extreme and low humidity within the immune system. They are attributable to fungi Tinea cruriswhich is frequent in individuals who put on very tight or artificial clothes that doesn’t permit the physique to sweat.

In addition to basic tips, corresponding to protecting the area dry (particularly in summer time, swimming, and the ocean), to forestall this, it’s needed to assess the presence of medicines that cut back diabetes, illness, or immunity.

Treatment: carried out by a dermatologist, who might order checks to verify the analysis (direct mycological examination and tradition), then point out topical or oral antifungals.

wiki - Wikimedia Wikicommons - Wikimedia Wikicommons

oral candidiasis

Image: Wikimedia Wikicommons

This sort of tincture is attributable to fungi Candida albicans and primarily impacts the areas of the oral mucosa and the genital areas of males and girls, however also can attain the pores and skin, mouth, diaper space, nails, arms, armpits and ft. Vaginal candidiasis happens during times of low immunity or antibiotic therapy, and in circumstances of poor hygiene habits.

Oral candidiasis impacts youngsters, or youngsters generally, primarily due to the gradual improvement of the immune system.

Treatment: Genital candidiasis must be handled with ointments and oral tablets or for native use, whereas oral candidiasis requires the applying of gels, liquids or oral antifungal brokers, at all times with variants, relying on the severity of the case.



Image: iStock / Getty

Impingem is a well known title you had a physiqueThe illness is attributable to three species of dermatophyte fungi: Epidermophyton, Trichophyton and Microsporum. They are thought-about to be frequent mycoses on the pores and skin and can have an effect on varied areas of the physique. Its look is a purple rash with a lighter pores and skin within the center.

Treatment: It is made with clotrimazole, ketoconazole, isoconazole or terbinafine ointments, however relying on the depth, antifungal tablets could also be needed.

wiki - Wikimedia Wikicommons - Wikimedia Wikicommons

Tinea scalp

Image: Wikimedia Wikicommons

often called Tinea capitis, is attributable to fungi that may attain the pores and skin, corresponding to zoophiles (which permit the affected person to come into contact with animals); anthropophilic (an infection happens amongst people of the human species); and geophilic (if the soil is a supply of fungi). They may cause hair loss, psychological psoriasis, alopecia, atopic dermatitis and so on.

Treatment: requires the usage of antifungal drugs corresponding to terbinafine, itraconazole, or fluconazole.

General professional alerts

The enhance in humidity and warmth favors the looks of fungi, so to keep away from contamination, it is necessary to maintain the pores and skin dry and wholesome, in addition to paying consideration to the assorted indicators of the physique.

Many individuals have recurrent yeast infections, so it’s needed to search medical consideration on the first indicators of worm to verify the analysis. The illness may be confused with allergy symptoms and different issues, which is why it’s so vital to establish the adjustments early. Treatment is dependent upon the kind of worm and the world affected.

Monitoring is important as a result of some drugs work together with different drugs and some might even trigger liver adjustments, particularly if the affected person is utilizing or utilizing alcoholic drinks.

Skin mycoses normally don’t progress to extra critical issues, nonetheless, as this analysis exhibits that the nails, hair and pores and skin will not be wholesome, different well being issues corresponding to erysipelas, an infectious strategy of the pores and skin, might seem. it reaches the fats proportion of cells. In addition, different microorganisms, corresponding to micro organism, are extra doubtless to infect the pores and skin when it has some type of mycosis.

Sources: Barbara Carneirodermatologist, physician on the FTC (Faculty of Technology and Science) in El Salvador, specialist in dermatology at Ipemed (Institute of Mining Research and Educational Medicine); Carolina Milanez, dermatologist, doctor at Unioest (State University of Western Paraná), postgraduate in cosmology at Unifesp (Federal University of São Paulo); and Jader Freire Sobral FilhoDoctor, grasp and physician of the UFPB (Federal University of Paraíba), dermatologist and professor of the medical course at Unipe (Centro Universitário de João Pessoa).

Leave a Comment