The São Paulo State Department of Health (SES) reported this Sunday (11) that it has identified a second case of a monkey in Brazil. According to the folder, he is a 29-year-old man living in Vinhedo, in the interior of the state, where he is isolated. City and state Epidemiological Surveillance is monitoring the patient and their contacts.
The case is considered important because the man has a history of traveling to Portugal and Spain and still has symptoms and first skin lesions in Europe. Also, according to the secretary, the positive result was only confirmed by a Spanish laboratory on the 8th of this month, after the patient had already landed in Brazil.
Maranhão reported the first alleged case in the state. The Secretary of State for Health announced that the Central Laboratory of Public Health in Maranhão has begun examining the samples.
The patient is a 30-year-old man living in São Luís who was hospitalized on June 8 in the municipal public network. She has no history of travel and has fever, chills, headache, burning eyes, back pain and itchy injuries all over her body. The state of health is stable.
In Rio de Janeiro, SES is investigating a possible case in Macau. The patient is 43 years old, works on an oil rig, and has reported contact with people from other countries. The man is being treated in a private hospital in the city, isolated and stable.
“Additional tests are underway to complete the assessment of the case recommended by the Ministry of Health (MOH). State surveillance is helpful in monitoring municipal patient care. To date, there have been no confirmed cases of monkey rabies in the state,” the secretary said in a statement.
O UOL He contacted the Ministry of Health to ask if the ministry is aware of this second case of the Brazilian monkey, and to have access to a more up-to-date balance of suspects and outcasts. This note will be updated as soon as it is received.
Confirmed, suspected and rejected cases
The first case of the disease in the country was confirmed on Thursday (9). He is a 41-year-old resident of the capital, São Paulo, and is hospitalized at the Emílio Ribas Institute of Infectious Diseases “with a good clinical picture,” according to the SES.
Since last week, the State Epidemiological Surveillance Center (CVE) and the city of São Paulo are still investigating another alleged case, a 26-year-old woman, also a resident of the capital.
Another case, which was being tracked by Mato Grosso do Sul, was dismissed. In the country, there are also suspected cases of Porto Alegre, Pacatuba (CE), Blumenau (SC), Dionísio Cerqueira (SC) and Rio Crespo (RO), where there are two suspects.
How pollution occurs
Monkeypox is a rare viral disease that is transmitted in a close / intimate relationship with an infected person with skin lesions. This contact can be close and long-lasting hugs, kisses, massages, sex, or breathing.
“Transmission also occurs in contact with objects, tissues (clothing, bedding or towels) and surfaces used by patients. There is no specific treatment, but overall the clinical picture is mild and requires care and observation of injuries,” he told the São Paulo government. in a note.
- Avoid close / intimate contact with the patient until all wounds have healed;
- Avoid contact with any material used by the patient, such as a bed;
- Hand hygiene, washing with soap and water and / or using an alcohol gel.
Know the symptoms
The first symptoms may include fever, headache, muscle and back pain, swollen lymph nodes, chills or fatigue. Three days after the onset of these symptoms, they develop skin lesions that may be present in the hands, mouth, feet, chest, face, and / or genitals. Read more in this UOL report.
The risk of death is low
Monkeypox can be deadly, but the risk is low. There are two distinct groups of the virus circulating around the world, grouped by their genetic characteristics: one mainly in Central African countries – with a death rate of about 10% – and the other circulating in West Africa, with a much lower rate. . , 1%.
Genomic surveillance, which is still in its infancy, shows that the virus that is circulating outside the African continent is the least deadly.
Complications can occur, especially secondary bacterial infections of the skin or lungs, which can spread to sepsis and death or the virus to the central nervous system, causing severe inflammation in the brain called encephalitis, which can be serious or can never lead. death ..
In addition, as with any acute viral disease, depending on the patient’s immune status and conditions and access to appropriate medical care, they can lead to death in some cases.
The smallpox is protected by vaccines
Research shows that a smallpox vaccine can be up to 85% effective against monkeys. This is because the two viruses belong to the same family and therefore there is a level of cross-protection due to the genetic homology between them. However, since smallpox was eradicated more than 40 years ago, there is currently no vaccine for the general public.