The official expert explained that it was not clear what Rafael Ramos had said in an alleged racism case.

The alleged racism case involving Rafael Ramos, a Corinthian, and Edenilson, from Internacional, got a new update on Wednesday. The official expertise in the case says it is not possible to identify the word given by the Corinthians player to the athlete from the South team.

The result was pointed out in the lip -reading report made by the General Institute of Forensics (IGP), requested by the Civil Police of Rio Grande do Sul, which is responsible for the case. The information was first published on ge.globe.

“For these reasons, it is not appropriate for the State’s official criminal expertise to disclose, with responsibility from a methodological and scientific point of view, what the player said in the scene in question. The Report states that ‘there is no individual sound signal for adequate auditory-perceptual and acoustic analysis, the concept cannot define a reliable and clear pattern of sound provided by an individual based solely on information related to component articulatory movements seen externally (such as lips and jaws) ’. also states that‘ results from an attempt to map what would have been uttered by a questioner speaker in an image without the accompanying audio to speak (and consequently the acoustic signal) can only be explored, representing further assumptions around the anatomofunctional possibility age in than material. evidence per se ‘”, says a quote from a note released by the IGP – see full below.

The document also specifies that four videos were received for investigation. The selected material is considered software quality, but it is still not possible to reach a conclusion.

Delegate Ana Luiza Caruso, responsible for the case, said she had already received the document and said she would forward it to the Public Ministry without a request for accusation against the alvinegro athlete. The body will then decide to proceed with the case in court.

“We will engage with the expertise hired by Edenilson and Rafael Ramos, and then have a question on the victim’s word, to see what evidence is there, other than speculation. In principle, there is no accusation”, as the delegate told the ge.

This, it should be remembered, is the official report to be used in the investigation of the case. Throughout the process, however, Rafael Ramos hired two experts to analyze the images and both got the result. After the first concluded that the player did not use the word “monkey”, the second reaffirmed the same verdict.

The case began on May 14, when the teams faced each other for Brasileirão. Edenilson accused Rafael Ramos of calling him a “monkey” during a ball argument on the side of the lawn. After the match, the Corinthians player defended himself and detailed his conversation with the opponent, but ended up being arrested at the stadium and had to post bail.

Later that day, Rafael and Edenilson discussed the case again. Recently, the corinthian gave his testimony to the STJD again denying racial insult, while the colorado athlete remained on the accusation.

Check out the official publication of the IGP

The General Institute of Forensics sent today to the 2nd Police Station in Porto Alegre the Expert Report with a request for a lip-reading expertise about the facts that took place in the match at Estádio Beira Rio on May 14.

Four videos were submitted for analysis. One of them was chosen, for presenting a greater extension of the scene in question and better signal quality. Images were treated using enhancement software and presented of sufficient quality for analysis. From the questionable scene, 41 frames were obtained.

Since it is not possible to detect the movements performed on the internal part of the oral cavity of the player in the white shirt, it is impossible to find all the traces that determine the sequence of consonants and vowels released. . Most movements that involve speech precisely occur in the intraoral environment or other internal parts, such as the pharynx and larynx. Not even in videos with very good image quality it is possible to get information about what is happening in the invisible part of the vocal tract.

Regarding the request for an expert oral reading test, it should be noted that no scientific methodology has been found, applied to forensic analysis of the videos, to support this type of work. There are only publications on visual speech perception and learning to read lips. In addition, the record sent was voiceless of the speeches interested in the investigation, making audio expertise impossible.

For these reasons, it is not appropriate for the State’s official criminal expertise to express, with responsibility from a methodical and scientific point of view, what the player said in the scene in question. The Report states that “without the individual sound signal to perform an adequate auditory-perceptual and acoustic analysis, it is conceptually impossible to define a reliable and clear sound pattern. provided by an individual based solely on information related to component articulatory movement. visible on the outside (such as lips and jaws) “. The document also states that “the results from the mapping test of what a questioned speaker would have said in an image without the accompanying audio to speak (and the result of the acoustic signal) could only be exploration, which represents more hypotheses around anatomofunctional possibilities than .material evidence per se ”.

The Expert Report has 40 pages and is signed by two criminal experts from the Audio and Images Section of the Criminalistics Department of the IGP

See more at: Rafael Ramos and Corinthians x Internacional.

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