Technology to assist one’s driver and driver in connection with hundreds of car accidents

Over the past 10 months, nearly 400 car accidents in the United States have been equipped with advanced driver assistance technologies, the main federal government self-safety regulator reported on Wednesday with the first release of large-scale data on these rising systems.

In the 392 incidents cataloged by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration from 1 July to 15 May last year, six people were killed and five seriously injured. The Teslas, which was powered by Autopilot, was the most ambitious way to drive a car or one of the features associated with it was 273 accidents.

Disclosures are part of a major effort to determine the safety of advanced federal agency driving systems, as they become more common. Beyond the futuristic appeal of car-driven cars, many automakers have rolled out automated components in recent years, including features that help them get their hands off the wheel under certain conditions and park in parallel.

In a statement issued Wednesday, the NHTSA reported that Honda vehicles had been involved in 90 incidents and that Subarus had reported five or fewer of the 10 Ford Motor, General Motors, BMW, Volkswagen, Toyota, Hyundai and Porsche.

“These technologies have a strong commitment to improving safety, but we need to understand how these vehicles work in real-world situations,” said Steven Cliff, the agency’s administrator. “This will help our researchers quickly identify potential errors.”

Speaking to reporters before Wednesday’s release, Dr. Cliff also warned that to draw conclusions from the data collected so far, he noted that it does not take into account factors such as the number of cars of each manufacturer on the road and with these types of technologies.

“The data may raise more questions than they answer,” he said.

About 830,000 Tesla cars in the United States are equipped with Autopilot or other driver assistance technologies, with nearly 70 percent of all reported crashes reported by Tesla vehicles.

Ford, GM, BMW and others have similar advanced systems that allow you to drive hands-free on certain highways under certain conditions, but many of these models have been soldered much less. These companies, however, have sold millions of cars over the past two decades, equipped with individual components of driver assistance systems. Components include so-called lane keeping, which helps drivers maintain their lanes, and an adjustable cruise control that maintains the speed of a car and automatically slows down when braking traffic.

Dr. Cliff said the NHTSA would continue to collect data on accidents with these types of features and technologies, and noted that the agency would use them as a guide to make the rules or requirements for designing and using them.

The data was compiled according to an NHTSA order issued a year ago, which required car manufacturers to report car accidents equipped with advanced driver assistance systems, also known as ADAS or Level-2 automated driving systems.

The order was partly caused by accidents and fatalities operating in the Teslas Autopilot for the past six years. Last week, the NHTSA launched an investigation into whether Autopilot has technological and design flaws that affect security risks. The agency has been investigating 35 accidents that occurred while Autopilot was activated, including nine that have killed 14 people since 2014. He also opened an investigation into 16 incidents of crashing Tesla emergency vehicles under Autopilot control. they stopped and the lights were on.

According to an order issued last year, the NHTSA collected data on accidents or incidents involving fully automated vehicles that are still being developed but are being tested on public roads. Manufacturers of these vehicles include GM, Ford and other traditional carmakers, as well as technology companies like Waymo, which owns Google’s parent company.

These types of vehicles were involved in 130 incidents, the NHTSA found. One caused a serious injury, 15 sustained minor or moderate injuries and 108 no injuries. Many automated vehicle accidents have resulted in protective folders or faucets, mainly because they are driven at low speeds and in the city.

Waymo, who is leading a fleet of unmanned taxis in Arizona, was involved in 62 incidents. The GM Cruise Division, which has just begun offering unmanned taxi rides in San Francisco, took part on the 23rd. In a minor crash in an automatic test vehicle by startup Pony.ai, he recalled three tests by the company. software management vehicles.

The NHTSA’s order was an unusual bold step for the regulator, which has been on fire for the past few years for not being stronger with the automakers.

“The agency is gathering information in the field to determine whether these systems pose an unreasonable risk to safety,” said J. Christian Gerdes, a professor of mechanical engineering and director of the Stanford University Center for Automotive Research.

An advanced driver assistance system can drive, brake and accelerate the vehicle on its own, although drivers must be alert and ready to take control of the vehicle at any time.

Safety experts are concerned that these systems deny drivers active control of the car and may lead them to think that they are driving the car themselves. When technology malfunctions or you can’t handle a particular situation, your driver may not be ready to take control quickly.

NHTSA orders were required to provide companies with driver assistance systems and advanced technology when providing accident data within 30 seconds of impact. Although these data provide a broader picture of the behavior of these systems than ever before, it is still difficult to determine whether they reduce accidents or improve safety.

The agency has not collected any data that will allow researchers to determine whether the use of these systems is safer than switching them off under the same conditions.

“Question: What is the basis for comparing this data?” said Dr. Gerdes, a Stanford professor, was the first director of innovation in the NHTSA Department of Transportation from 2016 to 2017.

But some experts say that comparing these systems with the human driver should not be the goal.

“When a Boeing 737 falls from the sky, we don’t ask, ‘Is it falling more or less from the sky than other planes?’

“Accidents on our roads are the equivalent of several plane crashes every week,” he added. “Comparison is not necessarily what we want. What we need to know is that there are accidents that are causing these driving systems — accidents that would not otherwise happen — that this is a potentially solvable problem. ”

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