Lunar eclipse: Ibirapuera Planetarium has a special and free program on Sunday – Ciência

We’ll see moon reflection in a lake is not uncommon. Water projection, on the other hand, is not uncommon. On Sunday night, the 15th, visitors to Ibirapuera Park will have the opportunity. Due to the special schedule full lunar eclipse This weekend at the Planetarium Aristotle Orsini – better known as Ibirapuera Planetarium -, in the south of the capital, will start at 19:00 and will last until Monday at 16:00 on Monday, the 16th. Sessions will also be held in space accompanied by astronomers (free and paid) with the observation of a natural satellite. support for telescopes and yoga classes.

Between Sunday night and Monday morning, the Moon enters the shadow of the Earth and creates a complete lunar eclipse – the first since May 2021. The high point will be around 1:11 a.m. when the natural satellite turns red, a phenomenon known as the “Blood Moon.” “.

“That redness is the same effect as sunsets. We see sunlight touching the Earth and the atmosphere will turn red, ”said astronomer João Fonseca, the planet’s director.

The next full lunar eclipse will only occur in November, according to the US space agency NASA. However, Fonseca said it would be shorter and could not be seen from Brazil.

The projection of the eclipse will begin at 22:00 at the source of Lake Ibirapuera. You will be able to watch live streaming. Two telescopes will be available for people to take a closer look at the Moon with the help of an eyepiece. There will also be two yoga classes around the lake, at 00:20 and 1:20. All of these attractions are free.

Earlier, at the planetarium dome, two shows will help visitors better understand and observe the eclipse. Inside the structure, the light play of an optical projector plunges in a matter of seconds when the eye becomes accustomed to the darkness. The projection of the bright spots shows a very realistic starry sky. It is almost impossible to remember that you are inside a closed building.

The longest performance will be “There’s a Shadow on the Moon,” where for 40 minutes an astronomer will explain more about eclipses and their cultural significance in human history. There will be two free 40-minute sessions at 7pm and 9pm. Tickets are free by appointment from the site.

“The Lunar Eclipse Sky” will last only 15 minutes. The idea is to focus on observing the eclipse of visitors, for example, when presented, the constellations will be visible. Sessions will run for 30 minutes (22:00, 22:30, 23:00, 23:30, 00:00, 1:30, 2:00, 2:30 and 3:00). Tickets cost R $ 20 (full price) and R $ 10 (half price) and can be purchased on the website or at the Planetarium box office.

This is the first time that the planetarium has presented such short sessions. “We’re going to test this way of fast sessions,” Fonseca says. “We want to see the resilience of dynamic sessions.”

Fonseca, however, pointed out that the star of the night will be the Moon itself. “You don’t need a projection.” So it’s worth taking a rug or mat to see the eclipse amidst the tranquility of Ibirapuera Park.

“Astronomical events serve to reconnect with nature,” says Fonseca. “It’s a way for us to look at the sky again, stop looking at our little black screen below and reconnect with the black screen above.”

Mirian Castejon Molina, an astronomer from the planetarium, stated that observing the sky was essential and helped to develop humanity. “In the past, people saw the sky, tried to find and understand some patterns to survive.”

If you are not in São Paulo or cannot go to Ibirapu, you can see the eclipse under the cover. It will be carried out by the National Observatory (ON / MCTI) spread the phenomenon on Youtube, From 11:15 p.m. NASA will do the same via streaming as always.

lunar eclipse

Lunar eclipses occur only in the full moon phase, when this natural satellite and the Sun are on opposite sides of the Earth, so they are very spectacular to the naked eye. Unlike solar eclipses, which require special goggles to prevent injury and can only be seen for a few minutes, a full lunar eclipse can last more than an hour and does not require eye protection.

Eclipses are ephemeris that have always been driven by humans. In the past, people were scared. When the Incas were making an eclipse they thought a jaguar was attacking the Moon. The moon turned red to represent blood.

They are also very important scientifically. Even in ancient Greece, Aristotle noticed that the shadows cast on the moon during eclipses were round. This indicated that the Earth would be a spheroid.

Planetarium

The history of astronomer Fonseca, 38, is marked by the planetarium. “I became a scientist because of this planetarium.” The memory of what he thought was his first visit, about 5 years old, is still alive. “I was afraid of heaven. I thought I was going to fall. ‘

Today, in the direction of the planetarium, it is full of age and eager to bring in more people to occupy space. He thinks of taking yoga classes and rap fights from the top to the starry sky, for example. “The planetarium must be flooded.”

The Aristotle Orsini Planetarium was the first in Brazil to be inaugurated in January 1957. Since it reopened in September – it was closed for most of the first two years of the pandemic – the venue is open to the public on Fridays (with sessions 1. 15:00, 15:00, 17:00 and 19:00), on Saturdays (13:00, 15:00, 17:00 and 19:00) and on Sundays (11:00, 13:00, 15:00 and 17:00).

Four shows are presented: “From Earth to the Universe” (a journey through space and time), “Planetas do Universo” (the importance of exploring the possibility of living outside the Earth), “Looking at the São Paulo Sky Again” (showing the 1957 São Paulo Sky). which is no longer seen in the same way) and “O Projeto Científico” (for children).

eclipse from hour to hour

  • 5/15, 10:32 p.m.: a penumbral eclipse begins, barely visible. The moon enters the Earth’s penumbra (outside the shadows).
  • 5/15, 11:27 p.m.: A partial eclipse begins. The moon begins to penetrate the Earth’s shadow (inner shadow). With the naked eye, a shadow leaves a “bite” when the natural satellite enters the shadow.
  • 5/16, 00:29 p.m.: The whole eclipse begins. The moon turns red.
  • 5/16, 01:53 p.m.: ends in full.
  • 5/16, 2:55 p.m.: Partial eclipse ends.
  • 5/16, 3:50 p.m.: The penumbral eclipse ends.

Service

Special program of the Ibirapuera Planetarium

Address: Av. Pedro Álvares Cabral, s / n – Vila Mariana, São Paulo / SP – Near Gate 10.

When: Sunday, May 15, 7:00 p.m., May 16, Monday, 3:00 p.m.

“There is a shadow on the moon” at 19:00 and 21:00. free

“The Lunar Eclipse Sky,” 10:00 p.m., 10:30 p.m., 11:00 p.m., 11:30 p.m., 1:00 p.m., 2:30 p.m., 2:30 p.m., 3:00 p.m. They cost R $ 20 (full price) and R $ 10 (half price).

Observation with telescopes: from 22:00 on the 15th of the month to 03:00 on the 16th of May. free

Projection of the eclipse at the source of Lake Ibirapuera: from 22:00. free

Yoga classes: 00:20 and 1:20.

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