Last year, a tobacco control project served 555 people in Campo Grande
Founded 35 years ago by the WHO (World Health Organization), World No Tobacco Day, celebrated on May 31, comes with a warning for Campo Grande, the national leader in rankings, but has a free anti-smoking program.
According to data from Vigitel Brazil 2021 (surveillance of chronic risk and protection factors for chronic diseases through a telephone survey), Campo Grande is in the ranking of adults who smoke in the comparison between Brazilian capitals. The result was 14.5% of the population. Among men, the total reaches 22.2%.
In the public health network of Campo Grande, smoking cessation assistance comes from the Tobacco Control Program. According to Mirelle Cabreira, the patient, the patient must look for UBS (Basic Health Unit), where he / she will be directed to a job with the established program. The project is currently offered in 20 units and is expected to reach 25 locations in the second half of the year.
The patient is monitored for one year. In the first month, the sessions are held weekly. Then the frequency is monthly.
“Smokers will know why they smoke, what the consequences are, withdrawal syndrome, smoking cessation strategies. The support of the team is essential, ”says Mirell.
Last year, the Tobacco Control Program served 555 people. In general, young people are more reluctant to seek help and are looking for a program for those who are already at risk for their health. In the fight against addiction, the new challenge is the electronic cigarette.
“It is a novelty in the market and has a greater demand from young people. The Ministry of Health is sending out material on e-cigarettes, which is also very damaging. ”
Mato Grosso do Sul confiscated nearly R $ 5 million in one of the country’s smuggled e-cigarette smuggling portals in 2021. Federal income data show a vertical rise. In 2020, e-cigarette seizures were equivalent to BRL 405,000. According to the agency, the kidnapping continued to increase consumption.
World No Tobacco Day was created to raise awareness about tobacco-related illnesses and deaths.
Danger – All tobacco products – cigarettes, electronic cigarettes, cigars, pipes, hookahs, straw cigarettes, electronic smoking devices – are harmful to health.
According to Henrique Ferreira de Brito, president of the Mato Grosso Pneumology and Physiology Association, there are more than 55 types of tobacco-related diseases. The list includes lung, cardiovascular, oncological, psychiatric problems (anxiety, insomnia).
“Tobacco is the leading cause of preventable diseases and the leading cause of early disability. See the impact of cigarettes, ”says the pulmonologist.
Among all the substances, nicotine is predominant in the body to trigger a reward system. It circulates through the bloodstream and reaches the brain, where it releases dopamine. “That’s a neurotransmitter that causes a feeling of well-being,” says the doctor. This way, the person starts smoking again to regain a good feeling. However, as I said, there are several health risks.
Nicotine is also present in electronic devices, which goes against Brazil’s anti-smoking policy. According to the doctor, in the 80’s the percentage of smokers was 40% of the population.
Travel – “Quitting smoking is a big challenge, especially with the high level of stress we are experiencing today. Knowing the health effects of smoking, many people feel that they are addicted to smoking. There is no magic formula for getting rid of this addiction, each person has the most appropriate strategies for them and some tips can help you on this journey, ”explains Simone Rodrigues de Melo, a psychologist at Campo Grande Unimed.
Still according to the professional, quitting smoking has many benefits for the body and mind. “Leaving aside this addiction allows us to see the world through a new lens, which leads us to new paths, one of great personal satisfaction and well-being. Get on this journey and take advantage of opportunities and people without being robbed of the desires that hurt so much. ”