How do you know if talking to yourself is the result of mental notes or a psychological disorder? – 2022/05/30

Do you talk to yourself or do you know someone you know? This type of behavior, which is quite common among people, usually appears when we want to focus on something and guide our actions, especially with loud voices / hearing or mouth movements. To remember the brand of a product or date, or to learn how to do it step by step.

There is no shortage of scientific experiments on this subject and it has already been shown, for example, that repeating the name of something during a search is worthwhile when something is known. “When it comes to sports or intellectual tasks, nothing can stop this resource if it contributes to greater motor or cognitive performance. Sometimes it feeds the will or initiative,” said Ary Ornellas, a psychiatrist at Aliança Hospital in El Salvador (BA).

However, talking to oneself is not always helpful, or it is beneficial. According to a study published in the journal Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology According to researchers at the Universities of Wisconsin-Madison and Pennsylvania (USA), if you’re looking for something you don’t know about, repeating yourself may not affect or interfere with your search. Also, talking to yourself is sometimes a sign of a mental illness.

When is it normal and when is it not

Strange as it may seem, talking to you is, for the most part, just a natural strategy, says Juliana Casqueiro, a psychiatrist at São Rafael Hospital, also from Rede D’Or in El Salvador. Speech can be triggered unconsciously by setting mental priorities, sorting information, reducing abuse, and maintaining centrality while avoiding scattering. By literally speaking what you feel and listening to yourself, the emotional is also calmed down, self-regulated.

In these cases, the person has a perception that he is talking to himself, as if he is talking to himself. Now, as a symptom of the disease, this behavior is similar to a conversation with someone without realizing it. “It can be caused by schizophrenia, in which voices are heard and responded to. As well as mood disorders, psychosis, bipolarity, depression,” the doctor continues. Without involving the mind, it still has to do with the problems of deafness.

Anxiety, stress, social phobia, with or without disorders, can be accompanied by monologues, which doctors prefer to call monologue. Isolated and sporadic, this phenomenon is not a problem, it is sometimes a habit to murmur in a moment of loneliness, or while reading or watching TV. The abnormal would be another conversation that is completely at odds with reality, with tone of tension, threatening and gestures.

When you hear what you feel and listen to yourself, the emotion also calms down.

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Talking to yourself changes with the phase

Young children talk to themselves and laugh for a variety of reasons. According to Eduardo Perin, a psychiatrist at Unifespe (Federal University of São Paulo), this is to exclude their relationships, what they feel and learn, or even playful games that may or may not involve imaginary friends. They need more attention if they talk to themselves, especially when they are misbehaving and unacceptable, transferring the blame to “someone” or spending a lot of time in isolation.

Adolescents and young adults, on the other hand, can talk to themselves because they want to confirm their characteristics and improve their self-esteem, something that works well in front of the mirror, which still serves as a “listener”. it is not comfortable to share their emotions with others … “Some people even resort to the exercise of self-listening when they have to make decisions or to solve problems consciously, which makes them think,” says Perin.

Now, aging itself is a factor in developing a habit of talking to oneself, whether or not it is related to dementia. As for the expected memory errors, they start around the age of 30 and gradually increase over each decade as a result of neuronal death. With this, it is common for people to be inattentive, to think a bit slow and to remember the words, to repeat the names, because they feel some difficulty.

Know what needs to be researched and treated

Internal conversations begin to express concerns when they cause or express suffering and hinder relationships and the development of activities. “Especially if the person is unaware or unable to hold his own in front of others or if he speaks to himself as if he were with someone else and his voice says that he hears the ordinances,” said PUC-SP psychologist Marina Vasconcelos (Catholic Pontiff). University of Sao Paulo).

In these situations, it is necessary to seek the help of a neurologist or psychiatrist, and in cases of anxiety, stress, excessive thoughts, the follow-up of a psychologist is also important. Listening to the expert leads him to reflect and understand what worries him so much that he can talk about the subject with himself. It can be due to difficulties in social integration and self-acceptance, trauma, violence, the death of loved ones.

In the case of children, parents or guardians should not prevent them or their fantasies with demands or punishments. But if the child is old enough to distinguish between subjectivity and reality, and the child continues to talk to himself, or proves that he hears what no one else is hearing, it is time to go to the doctor again. In the elderly, early-stage Alzheimer’s symptoms should be reported early to the disorder, forgetfulness, mood swings, speech problems, and geriatrics.

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