The Ministry of Health reported a new case of the monkey yesterday in the municipality of Maricá, in Rio de Janeiro. It is the second registered in the state.
In all, Brazil has confirmed eight cases of smallpox. These are:
- lau São Paulon;
- in Rio Grande do Sulen;
- in Rio de Janeiro.
Six other alleged cases are being investigated, according to the Ministry of Health; the ministry, however, did not state in which state.
The confirmation of the eighth case was made by the Enterobirus Laboratory of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, using the method of viral isolation.
The patient is a 25-year-old man who has no previous history of traveling abroad but has reported contact with foreigners. According to a note from the Ministry of Health, the patient has a stable clinical picture without complications.
The man is being monitored by the National Institute of Infectious Diseases and the Health Departments of Rio de Janeiro and Maricá. The Ministry of Health says a suspicious case was reported and all control measures were immediately taken, including patient isolation and contact tracing.
Last Tuesday (14), WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus announced that he had convened an emergency committee of the organization for a meeting on 23 June to discuss the growing number of infections worldwide. The WHO is examining whether the spread of the monkey has been declared a global health emergency.
How pollution occurs
Monkeypox is a rare viral disease that is transmitted in a close / intimate relationship with an infected person with skin lesions. This contact, for example, can be close and long for hugs, kisses, massages, sex, or breathing.
“Transmission also occurs in contact with objects, tissues (clothing, bedding or towels) and surfaces used by patients. There is no specific treatment, but overall the clinical picture is mild and requires care and observation of injuries,” he told the São Paulo government. in a note.
- Avoid close / intimate contact with the patient until all wounds have healed;
- Avoid contact with any material used by the patient, such as a bed;
- Hand hygiene, washing with soap and water and / or using an alcohol gel.
Know the symptoms
The first symptoms may include fever, headache, muscle and back pain, swollen lymph nodes, chills or fatigue. Three days after the onset of these symptoms, they develop skin lesions that may be present in the hands, mouth, feet, chest, face, and / or genitals.
The risk of death is low
Monkeypox can be deadly, but the risk is low. There are two distinct groups of the virus circulating around the world, grouped by their genetic characteristics: one mainly in Central African countries – with a death rate of about 10% – and the other circulating in West Africa, with a much lower rate. . , 1%.
Genomic surveillance, which is still in its infancy, shows that the virus that is circulating outside the African continent is the least deadly.
Complications can occur, especially secondary bacterial infections of the skin or lungs, which can spread to sepsis and death or the virus to the central nervous system, causing severe inflammation in the brain called encephalitis, which can be serious or can never lead. death ..
In addition, as with any acute viral disease, depending on the patient’s immune status and conditions and access to appropriate medical care, they can lead to death in some cases.
The smallpox is protected by vaccines
Research shows that up to 85% of vaccines can be effective against monkeys. This is because the two viruses belong to the same family and therefore there is a level of cross-protection due to the genetic homology between them.
However, since smallpox was eradicated more than 40 years ago, there is currently no vaccine for the general public. On the 14th, the WHO began recommending the smallpox vaccine, but only for priority groups, those with the disease and those in contact with health professionals.