Do you have diabetes? Find out what foods are allowed and what to avoid

Diet is important to help diabetics control their blood glucose levels, such as hyperglycemia, which is high blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, which is a drop in excess blood sugar, preventing changes.

Sugar imbalance, which is common in uncontrolled diabetes, can lead to health complications such as dizziness, weakness, headaches and, in more severe cases, blindness, kidney or heart disease.

Therefore, it is important to include or increase the intake of fiber-rich foods in the diet of diabetes, which help to control the level of sugar in the blood, called blood glucose. Low glycemic index options are also recommended – which are slowly absorbed by the body while maintaining a balanced blood sugar level.

In addition, it is important to eat foods that are high in fat, such as butter, milk and cheese, in moderation, as taking too many of these foods can lead to insulin sensitivity, leading to an increase in blood sugar.

In the diagnosis of diabetes, an endocrinologist and nutritionist should be consulted to prescribe a complete clinical and nutritional assessment and the most appropriate diet plan.

Accepted and avoided foods

allowed In moderation Avoid it
Beans, lentils, peas, chickpeas and soy Brown rice, wholemeal bread, couscous, cassava flour, popcorn, peas, cornmeal, potatoes, pumpkin, cassava, yams, sweet potatoes, beets and turnips White rice, snacks, puff pastry, white wheat flour, cakes, white bread, biscuits, Waffle
Fresh fruit with skin: apple, pear, orange, peach, apricot, tangerine, red berries and green banana

Fresh vegetables: lettuce, broccoli, zucchini, mushrooms, onions, tomatoes, spinach, cauliflower, peppers, eggplant and carrots

Fresh fruit: melon, papaya, jackfruit, persimmon, pine and grape Fruits: watermelon, fruit syrup, fruit jellies and fruit juices

Nuts: dates, figs, apricots, raisins, plums

Oats, corn, quinoa, rye and barley Homemade wholemeal pancakes Breakfast cereals contain sugar
Lean meat: chicken, turkey, fish, seafood, eggs and tofu Red meat Sausages: salami, bologna, ham, sausage
stevia sweetener Other sweeteners include sodium saccharin and aspartame Sugar, honey, brown sugar, syrup, sugar cane, ice cream and chocolates
Seeds: sunflower, flax, chia, pumpkin

Nuts: nuts, cashews, almonds, hazelnuts, peanuts

Olive oil, flaxseed oil, avocado and coconut oil Fried foods, refined vegetable oils such as soy or sunflower, margarine, butter and fat
Water, unsweetened tea and coffee, natural flavored waters Dark chocolate, preferably more than 80% cocoa Alcoholic beverages, industrialized juices and soft drinks
Low-fat milk and yogurt, white cheeses like ricotta, mines or cheese Semi-skimmed milk and yogurt Whole milk and yogurt, yellow cheese, condensed milk, cheese, cream and Cream cheese

It is always best to eat small portions of food every three hours, with three main meals a day and two or three snacks (mid-morning, mid-afternoon and before bed), respecting the meal time.

Allowed fruits should be eaten with other foods at meals and always in small portions. It is important to give priority to the consumption of whole fruit, as the amount of fiber is higher than that in the juices.

Can People With Diabetes Eat Candy?

It is important to avoid eating sweets with diabetes, as they contain a high amount of sugar, which raises blood glucose levels and causes diabetes to go out of control, increasing the risk of diabetes-related diseases such as blindness. heart problems, kidney problems, and difficulty healing wounds, for example.

However, if you have a balanced diet and controlled blood glucose, you may end up consuming some sweets, preferably home-made.

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What to eat to lower blood glucose

To lower blood sugar and control diabetes, it is recommended to eat high-fiber foods every meal for at least 25-30 grams a day. In addition, priority should be given to foods with a low to medium glycemic index, which will help control glucose levels.

It is also important to do regular physical activity, such as walking or dancing, for between 30 and 60 minutes a day. In addition, your blood sugar should be measured daily and your medication should be prescribed by your doctor.

With information from the Tua Saúde portal.

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