Case 3 is confirmed in Porto Alegre

The Ministry of Health confirmed this Sunday (12) the third case of the monkey in Brazil. The patient, a 51-year-old man, is isolated in Porto Alegre and is in a stable state of health.

According to the statement, the patient traveled to Portugal and returned to Brazil last Friday (12). The man is at home and is being monitored by the Health Departments of Porto Alegre and Rio Grande do Sul.

“All interruption and control measures were reported immediately after the case of monkeypox, with the isolation of the patient and the tracing of their contacts, both nationally and internationally, with the assistance of the Agency. Health Care (Anvisa)”, says the Ministry of Health notes.

The other two confirmed cases were in the state of São Paulo. The latest, reported by the São Paulo Department of Health yesterday, is a 29-year-old man living in Vinhedo, in a rural, isolated place. City and state Epidemiological Surveillance is monitoring the patient and their contacts.

The first case of the disease in the country was confirmed on Thursday (9). He is a 41-year-old resident of the capital, São Paulo, and is hospitalized at the Emílio Ribas Institute of Infectious Diseases “with a good clinical picture,” according to the SES. He has a history of traveling to Spain and Portugal.

Other cases under investigation

Yesterday, the Department of Mining Health reported that one person had been killed in connection with the monkey’s smallpox. According to the government, details of the age and sex of the patient, who lived in Uberland and worked in Araguar, both in Triângulo Mineiro, were not provided.

Also on Saturday (11), Maranhão reported the state’s first alleged case. The State Department of Health announced that the Central Laboratory of Public Health in Maranhão has begun examining the samples. The patient is a 30-year-old man living in São Luís who was hospitalized on June 8 in the municipal public network.

In Rio de Janeiro, the State Department of Health is investigating a possible case in Macau. The patient is 43 years old, works on an oil rig, and has reported contact with people from other countries. The man is being treated in a private hospital in the city, isolated and stable.

In the country, there are also suspected cases of Pacatuba (CE), Blumenau (SC), Dionísio Cerqueira (SC) and Rio Crespo (RO), where there are two suspects. Another case, which was being tracked by Mato Grosso do Sul, was dismissed.

How pollution occurs

Monkeypox is a rare viral disease that is transmitted in a close / intimate relationship with an infected person with skin lesions. This contact can be close and long-lasting hugs, kisses, massages, sex, or breathing.

“Transmission also occurs in contact with objects, tissues (clothing, bedding or towels) and surfaces used by patients. There is no specific treatment, but overall the clinical picture is mild and requires care and observation of injuries,” he told the São Paulo government. in a note.

Prevention

  • Avoid close / intimate contact with the patient until all wounds have healed;
  • Avoid contact with any material used by the patient, such as a bed;
  • Hand hygiene, washing with soap and water and / or using an alcohol gel.

Know the symptoms

The first symptoms may include fever, headache, muscle and back pain, swollen lymph nodes, chills or fatigue. Three days after the onset of these symptoms, they develop skin lesions that may be present in the hands, mouth, feet, chest, face, and / or genitals. Read more in this UOL report.

The risk of death is low

Monkeypox can be deadly, but the risk is low. There are two distinct groups of the virus circulating around the world, grouped by their genetic characteristics: one mainly in Central African countries – with a death rate of about 10% – and the other circulating in West Africa, with a much lower rate. . , 1%.

Genomic surveillance, which is still in its infancy, shows that the virus that is circulating outside the African continent is the least deadly.

Complications can occur, especially secondary bacterial infections of the skin or lungs, which can spread to sepsis and death or the virus to the central nervous system, causing severe inflammation in the brain called encephalitis, which can be serious or can never lead. death ..

In addition, as with any acute viral disease, depending on the patient’s immune status and conditions and access to appropriate medical care, they can lead to death in some cases.

The smallpox protects the vaccine

Research shows that a smallpox vaccine can be up to 85% effective against monkeys. This is because the two viruses belong to the same family and therefore there is a level of cross-protection due to the genetic homology between them. However, since smallpox was eradicated more than 40 years ago, there is currently no vaccine for the general public.

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